Pyxis with a Lid of Three Horses

Pyxis with a Lid of Three Horses This pyxis and lid, with a handle in the form of three horses, is from the late Late Geometric Period. A Pyxis is a c...
Pyxis with a Lid of Three Horses

Pyxis with a Lid of Three Horses - Museum of the Ancient Agora - Joy of Museum

Pyxis with a Lid of Three Horses

This pyxis and lid, with a handle in the form of three horses, is from the late Late Geometric Period. A Pyxis is a cylindrically shaped vessel from the classical world with a separate lid. Originally mostly used by women to hold cosmetics, jewelry, or valuable objects, surviving pyxides are primarily Greek pottery. The shape of the vessel can be traced in pottery back to the Protogeometric period in Athens, and in time the form of the pyxis grew larger and squatter in proportions. Also, the covers began to depict more elaborately sculpted handles.

The Geometric Art displayed on this Pyxis flourished in the 9th and 8th centuries BC, and this art form center was in Athens from there the style spread among the trading cities of the Aegean. Motifs of meanders, triangles characterized it, and other geometrical decorations depicted in dark glossy color. This vessel is covered by strict zones of meanders, crooked lines, circles, swastikas, in the same graphical concept.

Meander Art

A meander is a decorative border constructed from a continuous line, shaped into a repeated motif, and such a design is also called the Greek Lines or Key. Meanders are common decorative elements in Greek art. They appear in many architectural friezes, and in bands on the pottery of ancient Greece from the Geometric Period onwards. They were among the most important symbols in ancient Greece and symbolized infinity and unity, and many ancient Greek temples incorporated the sign of the meander.

Pyxis with a Lid of Three Horses

  • Name: Pyxis with a Lid of Three Horses
  • Date: 725 – 700 B.C.
  • Material: Terracotta
  • Period: Late Geometric
  • Country: Greece
  • Museum: Museum of the Ancient Agora

A Tour of the Museum of the Ancient Agora

  • Cult Statue from the Temple of Apollo Patroos
  • Ionic Column Capital 5th Century BC
  • Kleroterion
  • Pyxis with a Lid of Three Horses
  • Ostracon of Themistocles
  • Ostraka for Ostracism

A Tour of the Museums in Athens

  • Acropolis Museum
  • National Archaeological Museum
  • Benaki Museum
  • Goulandris Museum of Cycladic Art
  • Byzantine and Christian Museum
  • Hellenic Motor Museum
  • National Historical Museum, Athens
  • Museum of the Ancient Agora
  • Syntagma Metro Station Archaeological Collection
  • Numismatic Museum of Athens
  • Athens War Museum
  • Jewish Museum of Greece
  • Athens University Museum

A Tour of the Historical Sites in Athens

  • Acropolis of Athens
  • Ancient Agora of Athens
  • Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens
  • Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Athens
  • Roman Agora
  • Temple of Poseidon at Sounion
  • Temple of Hephaestus
  • Roman Baths, Athens
  • Aristotle’s Lyceum

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“War is sweet to those who never tried it.”
– Pindar

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Photo Credit: JOM

23 April 2023, 16:01 | Views: 9927

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